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Challenges Facing Healthcare Delivery Systems in Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries

Challenges Facing Healthcare Delivery Systems in Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries
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Copyright: 2018
Pages: 69
Source title: Advanced Systems for Improved Public Healthcare and Disease Prevention: Emerging Research and Opportunities
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Thierry Oscar Edoh (Technical University of Munich, Germany)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5528-5.ch001

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Abstract

In the USA, there exist inequities in health delivery depending on whether you have healthcare insurance or not. People living in rural areas also are facing limited access to healthcare. The other high-income countries present, however, another picture. Healthcare insurance is mandatory and thus enables access to healthcare services. Nevertheless, these countries also face challenges such as the poor access to the healthcare services delivery in rural areas because of lack of general physicians. The cost burden is an important point that impacts the access to healthcare and care delivery to a certain group of individuals such as elderly people. The healthcare systems also are facing off-label-use challenges (see Chapter 5) that can also negatively impact the care delivery. In the low- and middle-income countries, the developing world, the poor access to healthcare services delivery is due to infrastructural, structural issues, and poor funding. Information exchanges and communication remain a challenge facing all public healthcare systems around the world, though at diverse level. This chapter aims at investigating the challenges facing the healthcare delivery systems around the world and proposing information and communication-technology-based solutions to tackle some challenges. The chapter further focuses on two case studies and generalizes the results and solution approaches to the other countries. For these purposes, the Republic of Benin, representing the developing world, and the Federal Republic of Germany, representing the developed world, are selected as study cases.

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