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Data Envelopment Analysis in Environmental Technologies

Data Envelopment Analysis in Environmental Technologies
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Author(s): Peep Miidla (University of Tartu, Estonia)
Copyright: 2011
Pages: 18
Source title: Environmental Modeling for Sustainable Regional Development: System Approaches and Advanced Methods
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Vladimír Olej (University of Pardubice, Czech Republic), Ilona Obršálová (University of Pardubice, Czech Republic) and Jirí Krupka (University of Pardubice, Czech Republic)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-156-0.ch012

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Abstract

Contemporary scientific and economic developments in environmental technology suggest that it is of great importance to introduce new approaches that would enable the comparison of different scenarios for their effectiveness, their distributive effects, their enforceability, their costs and many other dimensions. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is one of such methods. The DEA is receiving an increasing importance as a tool for evaluating and improving the performance of manufacturing and service operations. It has been extensively applied in performance evaluation and benchmarking of several types of organizations, so-called Decision Making Units (DMU) with similar goals and objectives. Among these are schools, hospitals, libraries, bank branches, production plants, but also climate policies, urban public transport systems, renewable energy plants, pollutant emission systems, environmental economics, etc. The purpose of this chapter is to present the basic principles of the DEA and give an overview of its application possibilities for the problems of environmental technology.

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