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An Analysis of “Publication Bias” in the Travel, Tourism, and Hospitality Research

An Analysis of “Publication Bias” in the Travel, Tourism, and Hospitality Research
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Author(s): Atila Yüksel (Adnan Menderes University, Kusadası, Turkey) and Ekrem Tufan (Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale, Turkey)
Copyright: 2017
Volume: 6
Issue: 4
Pages: 19
Source title: International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics (IJABE)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Germana Giombini (Università di Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/IJABE.2017100102

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Abstract

This article examines whether studies with favorable or statistically significant outcomes are more likely to be published than studies with null results. Should such a publication tendency be in the form of favoring significant findings exist, then the integrity of science, suggestions and conclusions becomes controversial. This also includes those particularly drawn from meta-analyses and systematic reviews. Drawing on a sample of research articles, an examination was undertaken to determine whether studies reporting significant findings were published more. Additional analyses were conducted to examine the validity of reject/support decisions in relation to null hypotheses tested in these studies. The share of the published articles, in which null hypotheses were rejected, was found to be much larger (81%). Interestingly however, calculated power levels and actual samples sizes of these studies were too small to confidently reject/support null hypotheses. Implications for research are discussed in the concluding section of the article.

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