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The Cognitive Mechanisms and Formal Models of Consciousness

The Cognitive Mechanisms and Formal Models of Consciousness
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Author(s): Yingxu Wang (University of Calgary, Canada)
Copyright: 2012
Volume: 6
Issue: 2
Pages: 18
Source title: International Journal of Cognitive Informatics and Natural Intelligence (IJCINI)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Kangshun Li (South China Agricultural University, China)
DOI: 10.4018/jcini.2012040102


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Consciousness is the sense of self and the sign of life in natural intelligence. One of the profound myths in cognitive informatics, psychology, brain science, and computational intelligence is how consciousness is generated by physiological organs and neural networks in the bran. This paper presents a formal model and a cognitive process of consciousness in order to explain how abstract consciousness is generated and what its cognitive mechanisms are. The hierarchical levels of consciousness are explored from the facets of neurology, physiology, and computational intelligence. A rigorous mathematical model of consciousness is created that elaborates the nature of consciousness. The cognitive process of consciousness is formally described using denotational mathematics. It is recognized that consciousness is a set of real-time mental information about bodily and emotional status of an individual stored in the cerebellums known as the Conscious Status Memory (CSM) and is processed/interpreted by the thalamus. The abstract intelligence model of consciousness can be applied in cognitive informatics, cognitive computing, and computational intelligence toward the mimicry and simulation of human perception and awareness of the internal states, external environment, and their interactions in reflexive, perceptive, cognitive, and instructive intelligence.

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