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Field Weed Recognition Based on an Improved VGG With Inception Module

Field Weed Recognition Based on an Improved VGG With Inception Module
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Author(s): Lifang Fu (Northeast Agricultural University, China), Xingchen Lv (Northeast Agricultural University, China), Qiufeng Wu (Northeast Agricultural University, China) and Chengyan Pei (Northeast Agricultural University, China)
Copyright: 2020
Volume: 11
Issue: 2
Pages: 13
Source title: International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Information Systems (IJAEIS)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Petraq Papajorgji (Canadian Institute of Technology, Tirana, Albania) and François Pinet (Irstea/Cemagref - Clermont Ferrand, France)
DOI: 10.4018/IJAEIS.2020040101

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Abstract

The precision spraying of herbicides can significantly reduce herbicide use, and recognizing different field weeds is an important part of it. In order to enhance the efficiency and accuracy of field weed recognition, this article proposed a field weed recognition algorithm based on VGG model called VGG Inception (VGGI). In this article, three optimizations were made. First, the reduced number of convolution layers to reduce parameters of network. Then, the Inception structure was added, which can maintain the main features, and have better classification accuracy. Finally, data augmentation and transfer learning methods were used to prevent the problem of over-fitting, and further enhance the field weed recognition effect. The Kaggle Images dataset was used in the experiment. This work achieved greater than 98% precision in the detection of field weeds. In actual field, the accuracy could reach 80%. It indicated that the VGGI model has an outstanding identification performance for seedling, and has significant potential for actual field weed recognition.

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