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Handoff Schemes in Mobile Environments: A Comparative Study

Handoff Schemes in Mobile Environments: A Comparative Study
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Author(s): Libin Thomas (Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, India), J Sandeep (Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, India), Bhargavi Goswami (Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, India) and Joy Paulose (Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, India)
Copyright: 2020
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Pages: 18
Source title: International Journal of Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Technology (IJSSMET)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ahmad Taher Azar (Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabi and Benha University, Egypt) and Ghazy Assassa (Benha University, Egypt)
DOI: 10.4018/IJSSMET.2020010105

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Abstract

Vehicular ad-hoc networks are one of the most popular applications of Ad-hoc networks, where networks are formed without any sort of physical connecting medium and can be formed whenever required. It is an area in networks that has enjoyed a considerable amount of attention for quite some time. Due to the highly mobile environment where these networks find their usability, it can be understood that there are a lot of problems with respect to maintaining the communication links between the moving vehicular nodes and the static infrastructures which act as the access points (AP) for these moving vehicular mobile nodes (MN). The coverage area of each AP is limited and as such, the connections need to be re-established time and again between the MNs and the closest accessible AP. Handoff is the process involved here, which deals with selecting the optimal APs as well as the best network available for data transmission. In this article, the authors compare various handoff methods and categorize them based on the different approaches they follow.

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