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Networks of Underwater Sensor Wireless Systems: Latest Problems and Threats

Networks of Underwater Sensor Wireless Systems: Latest Problems and Threats
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Author(s): Meenu Rani (Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, India) and Poonam Singal (Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, India)
Copyright: 2021
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Pages: 11
Source title: International Journal of Wireless Networks and Broadband Technologies (IJWNBT)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ioan-Sorin Com┼ča (Brunel University London, UK) and Ramona Trestian (Middlesex University, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/IJWNBT.2021010104

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Abstract

Underwater wireless networks have been the subject of considerable attention in research and development by both academia and industry, while applications are expanding to a wide range of uses, including industrial, scientific, military, and environmental applications. The paper presents a analysis of the underwater wireless sensor network, a system that is promising to reveal the secrets of marine life and other underwater applications. The information about the underwater channel was listed with a focus on communication of both the acoustic and optical kind. Then, the node location strategies and related protocols for routing that can be applied to the desired communication type were discussed briefly. The hard environment and peculiar features of UWSNs are responsible for efficient communication between sensors in UWSNs. This paper proposes a robust and energy-efficient UWSN location-free routing system, based on constraint. RE-PBR takes into account three criteria, including performance, depth, and residual power connections, to balance energy consumption and to produce usable results. The findings of the simulation show that the proposed work decreases travel costs and by using less energy increases the network's life.

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