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The Impact of Social Engineer Attack Phases on Improved Security Countermeasures: Social Engineer Involvement as Mediating Variable

The Impact of Social Engineer Attack Phases on Improved Security Countermeasures: Social Engineer Involvement as Mediating Variable
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Author(s): Louay Karadsheh (Higher Colleges of Technology, Dubai, UAE), Haroun Alryalat (University of Bahrain, The Kingdom of Bahrain), Ja'far Alqatawna (The University of Jordan, Jordan & Higher Colleges of Technology, Dubai, UAE), Samer Fawaz Alhawari (The World Islamic Sciences and Education University, Jordan) and Mufleh Amin AL Jarrah (Amman Arab University, Jordan)
Copyright: 2022
Volume: 14
Issue: 1
Pages: 26
Source title: International Journal of Digital Crime and Forensics (IJDCF)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Feng Liu (Chinese Academy of Sciences, China)
DOI: 10.4018/IJDCF.286762

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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to examine a model to identify Social Engineer Attack Phases to improve the security countermeasures by Social-Engineer Involvement. A questionnaire was developed and distributed to a sample of 243 respondents who were actively engaged in 3 Jordanian telecommunication companies. All hypotheses were tested using (PLS-SEM). The results of the study indicate that Social Engineer Attack Phases (Identification the potential target, Target Recognition, Decision approach, and Execution) have a partially mediate and significant impact on improving the security countermeasures by Social-Engineer Involvement. On the other hand, the Social Engineer Attack Phases (Information Aggregations, Analysis and Interpretation, Armament, and Influencing) have a fully mediate and significant impact on improving the security countermeasures by Social-Engineer Involvement. The findings of this study help to provide deep insight to help security professionals prepare better and implement the right and appropriate countermeasures, whether technical or soft measures.

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