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Adaptive Playout Buffering Schemes for IP Voice Communication

Adaptive Playout Buffering Schemes for IP Voice Communication
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Author(s): Stefano Ferretti (University of Bologna, Italy), Marco Roccetti (University of Bologna, Italy) and Claudio E. Palazzi (University of Bologna, Italy)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 7
Source title: Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A. (Information Resources Management Association, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch006

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Abstract

Audio communication over IP-based networks represents one of the most interesting research areas in the field of distributed multimedia systems. Today, routing the voice over Internet enables cheaper communication services than those deployed over traditional circuit-switched networks. BoAT (Roccetti, Ghini, Pau, Salomoni, & Bonfigli, 2001a), Ekiga, FreePhone (Bolot & Vega Garcia, 1996), iCall, Kiax, NeVot (Schulzrinne, 1992), rat (Hardman, Sasse, & Kouvelas, 1998), Skype, Tapioca, vat (Jacobson & McCanne, n.d.), WengoPhone, and YATE, are just few examples of free VoIP software available to Internet users. Without any doubts, new (wired and wireless) highspeed, broadband networks facilitate the transmission of the voice over the Internet and have determined the success of these applications. However, the best effort service offered by the Internet architecture does not provide any guarantee on the delivery of (voice) data packets. Thus, to maintain a correct time consistency of the transmitted audio stream, these voice communication systems must be equipped with schemes able to deal with the unpredictability of network latency, delay jitter, and possible packet loss.

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