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An Overview of Internet of Things Technology Applied on Precision Agriculture Concept

An Overview of Internet of Things Technology Applied on Precision Agriculture Concept
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Author(s): Reinaldo Padilha França (State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil), Ana Carolina Borges Monteiro (State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil), Rangel Arthur (Faculty of Technology, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil) and Yuzo Iano (State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil)
Copyright: 2021
Pages: 24
Source title: Precision Agriculture Technologies for Food Security and Sustainability
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Sherine M. Abd El-Kader (Electronics Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt) and Basma M. Mohammad El-Basioni (Electronics Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-5000-7.ch003

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Abstract

The internet of things (IoT) is characterized by devices that communicate without human interference, sending and receiving data online, to which they have shaped the way of connecting household appliances, machines, and equipment, cars, among other things, also arriving at the field through characterized by the communication between devices, sensors, drones, and machines. They have great potential to improve production processes, making agriculture increasingly digital, creating solutions, connectivity, and training for specialist labor. As well as irrigation systems and other intelligent machines with the ability to talk to each other enabling management in the use of energy, resources, and inputs making the production process more efficient. Precision agriculture encompasses a series of components and factors from which the best procedures can be chosen that are appropriate in a given agricultural operation that effectively meets your needs, also related to the application of inputs at the right time and in the right place, following the growth and productivity over the entire length of a plantation by controlling pests, among other technologies, providing a reduction in production costs and spending on inputs, reducing the pollution of nature by the pesticides used, making it possible to reduce operating costs, increasing precision in obtaining results in the same way as less variability in production. Therefore, this chapter aims to provide an updated overview and review of the use of the internet of things in the precision agriculture system showing and approaching its success relation, with a concise bibliographic background, categorizing and synthesizing the potential of both technologies.

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