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Anti-Malarial Drug Resistance: Need for Novel Natural Products

Anti-Malarial Drug Resistance: Need for Novel Natural Products
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Author(s): Manish Kumar Dwivedi (Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Amarkantak, India) and Prashant Kumar Singh (Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Amarkantak, India)
Copyright: 2022
Pages: 18
Source title: Research Anthology on Recent Advancements in Ethnopharmacology and Nutraceuticals
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-3546-5.ch013

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Abstract

Malaria is a life-threatening infectious disease caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium. It is transmitted through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. The global burden is estimated to be around 219 million cases in 87 countries. Natural compounds have been used primarily in the traditional medicine for thousands of years. For the treatment of malaria, natural products were used until the development of synthetic drugs, and most of the currently available anti-malarial drugs have been derived based on the compounds from these traditional medicinal plants. The current chapter tries to briefly indicate the emerging resistance against anti-malarial drugs and to discuss the recent research on natural products that have been evaluated for anti-malarial activity. Rigorous evaluation of the efficacy and safety of traditional medicines is required along with identification of active constituents in order to develop new drugs with novel mechanisms of action.

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