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IT Application Development with Web Services

IT Application Development with Web Services
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Author(s): Christos Makris (University of Patras, Greece), Yannis Panagis (University of Patras, Greece), Evangelos Sakkopoulos (University of Patras, Greece) and Athanasios Tsakalidis (University of Patras, Greece)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 7
Source title: Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A. (Information Resources Management Association, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch361

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Abstract

The advent of Web Services (WS) has signaled a true revolution in the way service-oriented computing and remote procedure invocation over the Web are conducted. Web Services comprise of a set of loosely coupled specifications to coordinate process execution from distance, based on common and widely accepted Web protocols such as HTTP, FTP, and XML, and therefore, providing increased development flexibility. Since the WS Framework was built on top of those protocols, Web Services have been widely acclaimed by the Web development community and paradoxically; they have marked one of the few examples in the history of computer protocols where a global consensus has been reached. The Web Service framework consists of essentially three basic components: 1. The Web Service Description Language (WSDL), a language that allows formal functional characterization of the provided functionalities; 2. The Simple Object Access Protocol (simply SOAP from its version 1.2), a protocol that defines the format of the information interchange; and 3. The UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery and Integration) is a catalog of Web Service descriptions. All three of these components are specified using XML markup. The elegance of the WS architecture lies in the fact that every WS transaction is taking place over established Web protocols such as HTTP and FTP. As remarked in Ballinger (2003, p. 5): “A Web Service is an application logic that is accessible using Internet standards.” This very fact has accounted for the rapid and universal adoption of Web Services. This work is organized as follows: First, a review of underlying technologies and tools is presented. Consequently, existing techniques for design methodologies are described. Next, an overview of storage and retrieval techniques for Web Services is given followed by real-world applications of Web Services. We conclude with open issues and discussion.

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