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Characteristics Acquired by European and Non-European Immigrants: Examining Business Creation in Spain

Characteristics Acquired by European and Non-European Immigrants: Examining Business Creation in Spain
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Author(s): Rocio Aliaga Isla (Eclectic Center for Multidisciplinary Research (ECMUR), Belgium & Sopra Steria Consulting, Belgium)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 20
Source title: Multidisciplinary Approach to Entrepreneurship Education for Migrants
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Selma Mosquera (ISCSP, Lisbon University, Portugal & Visconde de Cairu Foundation, Brazil) and Patrícia Jardim da Palma (ISCSP, Lisbon University, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2925-6.ch002

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Abstract

Studies on immigrant entrepreneurship have focused on some groups of immigrants according their ethnicity and citizenship. Nonetheless, there is a configuration of immigrants inside Spain that has been neglected in research arenas. This study analyzes which factors at individual level influence the creation of businesses by EU and non-EU immigrants. Factors acquired in home and host country are considered. Hypotheses are tested using multivariate analysis. Employing data from the National Immigrant Survey of Spain – ENI-2007, the findings showed immigrants who owned or managed a business in their home country have higher probability to create a business. Among factors acquired in Spain, the experience in occupation was the more relevant for EU immigrants. However, the experience in construction sector was significant for non-EU immigrants. Furthermore, the exposure to Spanish context and social contacts were significant, increasing the probability of creating a business by non-EU immigrants in Spain.

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