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A Critical Review of Learning Organizations in the 21st Century

A Critical Review of Learning Organizations in the 21st Century
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Author(s): Viktor Wang (Florida Atlantic University, USA)
Copyright: 2012
Pages: 11
Source title: Encyclopedia of E-Leadership, Counseling and Training
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Viktor Wang (Florida Atlantic University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-068-2.ch014


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This article critically reviews what constitutes a learning organization. The author argues that a learning organization is born out of a static organization. In determining whether organizations are learning organizations, components such as structure, atmosphere, management philosophy and attitudes, decision-making and policy-making, and communication must be considered. In addition, these components are discussed in comparison to the characteristics of static organizations. The theme of this article is such that in order for organizations to remain competitive in this global economy, organizational leaders must be flexible and people-centered. Successful organizational leaders should engage in the use of supportive power, involve high participation at all levels, and conduct multidirectional communication in order to turn static organizations into learning organizations.

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