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Emerging and Traditional ICT as Critical Success Factors for Local Governments: A Longitudinal Analysis

Emerging and Traditional ICT as Critical Success Factors for Local Governments: A Longitudinal Analysis
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Author(s): Enrique Claver-Cortes (Universidad de Alicante, Spain), Susana de Juana-Espinosa (Universidad de Alicante, Spain) and Jorge Valdés-Conca (Universidad de Alicante, Spain)
Copyright: 2014
Pages: 22
Source title: Emerging Mobile and Web 2.0 Technologies for Connected E-Government
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Zaigham Mahmood (University of Derby, UK & North West University Potchefstroom, South Africa)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6082-3.ch011

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Abstract

It was not long ago when Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) were not ubiquitous and Web 2.0 was the stuff of science fiction. However, these technologies are now here to stay, and local governments should learn how to make the most of them. In this chapter, the situation of emerging ICT in Spain in general and for Spanish e-government in particular is described. Next, the results of an empirical study based on a longitudinal quantitative survey are shown. The survey was carried out in 2005, before the advent of Web 2.0, and again in 2012. In the survey, the Chief Information Officers (CIO) of Spanish municipalities express their opinions on critical success factors that may enhance or hinder the effectiveness, connectivity, and transparency of their strategies for a connected government (c-government). The comparative findings reveal that political issues set off, then and now, local e-government success and failure, whereas ICT-based issues, once very important for these CIOs, have been downgraded in their minds. Therefore, the emergence of social media, mobile technologies, Web 2.0, and connected government has not had a truly significant role in the quest for e-government success on their own, but in combination with other factors. The chapter also discusses the related factors.

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