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Emerging Technologies for Neuro-Rehabilitation after Stroke: Robotic Exoskeletons and Active FES-Assisted Therapy

Emerging Technologies for Neuro-Rehabilitation after Stroke: Robotic Exoskeletons and Active FES-Assisted Therapy
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Author(s): Andrés F. Ruiz Olaya (Universidad Antonio Nariño, Colombia) and Alberto López Delis (Universidad de Oriente, Cuba)
Copyright: 2015
Pages: 21
Source title: Assistive Technologies for Physical and Cognitive Disabilities
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Lau Bee Theng (Swinburne University of Technology, Malaysia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7373-1.ch001

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Abstract

Rehabilitation of motor function has been linked to motor learning that occurs during repetitive, frequent, and intensive training. Neuro-rehabilitation is based on the assumption that motor learning principles can be applied to motor recovery after injury, and that training can lead to permanent improvements in motor function in patients with motor deficits. The emergent research field of Rehabilitation Engineering may provide promised technologies for neuro-rehabilitation therapies, exploiting the motor learning and neural plasticity concepts. Among those promising technologies are robotic exoskeletons and active FES-assisted systems, which could provide repetitive training-based therapies and have been developed to aid or control the upper and lower limb movements in response to user's intentionality. This chapter describes those emerging technologies to enhance the neuro-rehabilitation processes of motor-disabled people at upper limb level and presents how a natural control to command above external devices from Electromyography could be implemented.

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