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Fire Investigation and Ignitable Liquid Residue Analysis

Fire Investigation and Ignitable Liquid Residue Analysis
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Author(s): Sachil Kumar (Naif Arab University for Security Sciences, Saudi Arabia), Anu Singla (Bundelkhand University, India) and Ruddhida R. Vidwans (Jain University, India)
Copyright: 2022
Pages: 28
Source title: Technologies to Advance Automation in Forensic Science and Criminal Investigation
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Chung-Hao Chen (Old Dominion University, USA), Wen-Chao Yang (National Central Police University, Taiwan) and Lijian Chen (Henan University, China)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-8386-9.ch006

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Abstract

A fire investigation is a difficult and challenging task. An investigator's basic task at a fire scene is two-fold: first, to ascertain the origin of the fire and, second, to closely investigate the site of origin and try to determine what triggered a fire to start at or near that spot. Usually, an investigation would begin by attempting to obtain a general view of the site and the fire damage; this may be achieved at ground level or from an elevated location. Following this, one may examine the materials available, the fuel load, and the condition of the debris at different locations. Surprisingly, the science of fire investigation is not stagnant, and each year, more information to assist investigators in determining the location and cause of a fire by diligent observation of the scene and laboratory study of fire debris is released. This chapter is split into two sections. The first section discusses the general procedures to be used during a fire investigation, and the second section discusses laboratory analysis of ignitable liquid residue analysis.

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