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Gender Gaps and Information and Communication Technology: A Case Study of India

Gender Gaps and Information and Communication Technology: A Case Study of India
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Author(s): Rekha Pande (University of Hyderabad, India)
Copyright: 2012
Pages: 15
Source title: Globalization, Technology Diffusion and Gender Disparity: Social Impacts of ICTs
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Rekha Pande (University of Hyderabad, India) and Theo van der Weide (Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0020-1.ch022

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Abstract

The present chapter attempts to look at the digital divide and the constraints related to Information Technology, which women share by gender. Along with major subdivisions on region, ethnic group, class, and caste, a major digital divide based on gender is emerging in India. Poverty is the main constraint that many women face along with men, in addition to their lower status in Indian society. Women face challenges in pursuing education at all ages because of lack of time to attend school, familial and household duties, and socio-cultural norms that give a low priority to education. The gender gap, especially the gap between men and women and how they benefit from Information Technology, has widened, because women are less likely than men to receive technical education or be employed in technology intensive work. Globalization has further complicated this issue, leading to increasing feminization.

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