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Genomics Perspectives of Bioethanol Producing Zymomonas Mobilis

Genomics Perspectives of Bioethanol Producing Zymomonas Mobilis
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Author(s): S. Sheik Asraf (Madurai Kamaraj University, India), K.N. Rajnish (Madurai Kamaraj University, India) and P. Gunasekaran (Madurai Kamaraj University, India)
Copyright: 2012
Pages: 25
Source title: Global Sustainable Development and Renewable Energy Systems
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Phillip Olla (Madonna University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1625-7.ch011

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Abstract

In recent years, there has been continuous increase in demand for fossil fuels that has led to the need for new potential fuel sources. Biofuels, in particular ethanol, are of high interest because of dwindling fossil fuels. Among the ethanol producers, Zymomonas mobilis has acquired greater interest because it is a renewable source of bioethanol. Zymomonas mobilis is an aerotolerant, gram-negative, ethanol producing bacterium that shows high ethanol yield, tolerance, and greater productivity. This chapter focuses on recent efforts made to engineer Z. mobilis, transcriptomic, genome-based metabolomic studies, and bioinformatics exploitation of the available genomic data for the production of bioethanol. Recently, several bioinformatics tools have been used to predict the functional properties of the carbohydrate active ethanologenic enzymes in Z. mobilis. A number of processes were used to study the functional properties of the ethanologenic enzymes of Z. mobilis. Thus, functional genomics seeks to apply technologies that would help to improve the production of bioethanol by Z. mobilis.

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