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GIS, Spatial Analysis, and Modeling: The Case of Breast Cancer Incidence in the US

GIS, Spatial Analysis, and Modeling: The Case of Breast Cancer Incidence in the US
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Author(s): Khadijeh Rouzbehani (University of Tehran, Iran), Ghazaleh Sajjadi (Azad University, Iran) and Mohamad Rahim Hatami (Iran Medical School of Science, Iran)
Copyright: 2019
Pages: 14
Source title: Environmental Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7033-2.ch058

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Abstract

Breast cancer is a major health issue in all countries affecting thousands of women. Its causes are unknown and the national and international strategies to reduce its morbidity and mortality levels are based on early detection of cancer through screening and treatment according to clinical guidelines. Thus, knowledge of which women are at risk and why they are at risk is therefore essential component of disease prevention and screening. In 2015, an estimated 231,840 new cases of invasive breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed in women in the United States, along with 60,290 new cases of non-invasive (in situ) breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to provide a more detailed analysis of the breast cancer distribution in the United States by comparing the spatial distribution of breast cancer cases against physical environmental factors using Geographic Information System (GIS). Further, it gives background information to the GIS and its applications in health-related research.

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