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Linear Economy to Circular Economy: Planned Obsolescence to Cradle-to-Cradle Product Perspective

Linear Economy to Circular Economy: Planned Obsolescence to Cradle-to-Cradle Product Perspective
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Author(s): Pınar Özkan (Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey) and Ezgi Karataş Yücel (Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 26
Source title: Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship Development and Opportunities in Circular Economy
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Neeta Baporikar (Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia & University of Pune, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-5116-5.ch004

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Abstract

The reflections of linear and circular economy models, which are completely separated from each other in the ways of evaluating resources and wastes, also differ completely in the production and consumption processes. The linear economy, which consists of production and consumption mechanisms, converts resources into waste after using one time and is supported by planned obsolescence practices and causes economic and environmental damages. The scarcity of resources and the pressure of environmental pollution have led to an industrial transformation in which production and consumption forms redesigned in a way that does not create waste. Because of this transformation, the circular economy model emerged, and its application direction evolved to cradle-to-cradle practices. In this study, firstly, the linear economy model and planned obsolescence are discussed, and then circular economy and cradle-to-cradle applications are explained with examples.

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