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Milk Pasteurization and Characterization Using Mono-Mode Microwave Reactor and Slotted Coaxial Antenna

Milk Pasteurization and Characterization Using Mono-Mode Microwave Reactor and Slotted Coaxial Antenna
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Author(s): Suhail Abdullah (Unversiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia), Kok Yeow You (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia), Cheong Yew Chong (Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Malaysia) and Mohamed Sultan Mohamed Ali (Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 32
Source title: Handbook of Research on Energy-Saving Technologies for Environmentally-Friendly Agricultural Development
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Valeriy Kharchenko (Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM, Russia) and Pandian Vasant (Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Malaysia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9420-8.ch005

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Abstract

Mono-mode microwave reactors are usually used to heat substances, especially food. This is because heating using a microwave reactor can sustain the flavor, color, and nutrition of the food. Furthermore, this heating technique is cost-effective and time-saving compared to a conventional heating method. The mono-mode reactor is able to determine the absorption of microwave power accurately on the heated substance versus a multimode reactor. In this chapter, a simple and precise mono-mode microwave reactor is designed and developed especially for research laboratories. The advantage of this reactor is to provide a more accurate calibration process, in order to improve the optimum energy use in the heating process, as well as the temperature of the specimen. The reactor can generate output power from 30 watts to 1500 watts, operating at 2.45±0.03 GHz and capable of accommodating a specimen volume of 780 cm3. Pure water is used as a heated specimen to demonstrate the performance and efficiency of this reactor.

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