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Modeling and Simulation of a Stand-Alone Hydrogen Photovoltaic Fuel Cell Hybrid System

Modeling and Simulation of a Stand-Alone Hydrogen Photovoltaic Fuel Cell Hybrid System
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Author(s): M.T. Benmessaoud (University of Science and Technology of Oran, Algeria), A. Boudghene Stambouli (University of Science and Technology of Oran, Algeria) and M. Tioursi (University of Science and Technology of Oran, Algeria)
Copyright: 2014
Pages: 31
Source title: Handbook of Research on Novel Soft Computing Intelligent Algorithms: Theory and Practical Applications
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Pandian M. Vasant (Petronas University of Technology, Malaysia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4450-2.ch027

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Abstract

In this Chapter, a hybrid Photovoltaic-Fuel Cell (PV-FC) generation system employing an electrolyser for hydrogen generation is designed and simulated. The system is applicable for remote areas or isolated loads. This system has been simulated via a developed general dynamic mathematical model which analytically describes the electric subsystems. Some interesting simulation results are presented in this chapter. Specific attention is paid to the investigation of the dynamic analysis of the photovoltaic, fuel cell, and electrolyser system at the connection. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of an autonomous stationary power generation and thermal coupling a PV array and a storage system for hydrogen, consisting of an electrolyser, a storage unit of gas, and a fuel cell of high temperature. Hydrogen is the only means that stores electricity. Stationary applications of a few kilowatts are evaluated by numerical simulation in MATLAB/SIMULINK.

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