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Ontologies in Computer Science: These New “Software Components” of Our Information Systems

Ontologies in Computer Science: These New “Software Components” of Our Information Systems
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Author(s): Fabien L. Gandon (INRIA, France)
Copyright: 2010
Pages: 26
Source title: Ontology Theory, Management and Design: Advanced Tools and Models
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Faiez Gargouri (Higher Institute of Informatics and Multimedia of Sfax, Tunisia) and Wassim Jaziri (Higher Institute of Informatics and Multimedia of Sfax, Tunisia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-859-3.ch001

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Abstract

Ironically the field of computer ontologies suffered a lot from ambiguity. The word ontology can be used and has been used with very different meanings attached to it. The authors will introduce in this chapter two faces of ontologies in computer science: (1) the ontology object: focusing on the nature and the characteristics of the ontology object, its core notions and its lifecycle. (2) ontology engineering: the branch of knowledge modeling that develops ontology-oriented computable models of some domain of knowledge, focusing here on the design rationale and the assisting tools.

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