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Open Source Technology for Medical Practice in Developing Countries

Open Source Technology for Medical Practice in Developing Countries
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Author(s): Afton Chavez (Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, USA) and Carrie Kovarik (Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, USA)
Copyright: 2017
Pages: 27
Source title: Health Information Systems and the Advancement of Medical Practice in Developing Countries
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Kgomotso H. Moahi (University of Botswana, Botswana), Kelvin Joseph Bwalya (University of Johannesburg, South Africa) and Peter Mazebe II Sebina (University of Botswana, Botswana)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2262-1.ch003

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Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the role of open source technologies within medical practice in developing countries. First, the background and meaning of “open source” principles is explored. Second, several fields of open source implementation are described. These include open source software, hardware, and digital content. Within each field, specific case studies are given to illustrate how the technologies have been adapted to the developing world for usage in information and communication sharing, electronic data management, mobile data collection, disease mapping, scholarly publication, and education. The issues and controversies, as well as future research directions and solutions are addressed.

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