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Ownership Structure and Intellectual Capital Performance: Evidence From Indonesian Banking Companies

Ownership Structure and Intellectual  Capital Performance: Evidence From Indonesian Banking Companies
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Author(s): Siti Rochmah Ika (Janabadra University, Indonesia) and Ari Kuncara Widagdo (Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia)
Copyright: 2021
Pages: 26
Source title: Corporate Leadership and Its Role in Shaping Organizational Culture and Performance
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Azza Bejaoui (High Institute of Management of Tunis, Tunisia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8266-3.ch010

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to examine the impact of ownership structure on intellectual capital performance. Ownership structure used in this study consists of family control, government ownership, and foreign ownership. Family control was measured by two proxies, namely the number of shares owned by a family and the presence of family on the boards. Meanwhile, this study uses the Value-Added Intellectual Coefficient to measure intellectual capital performance. Ninety-two bank observations listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2013-2016 are used as a sample. Results of panel data regression indicate that the number of shares owned by the family positively associated with VAIC, on the other hand, the presence of families on the boards has no association with IC performance. The result indicates that a high degree of family ownership is likely to encourage managerial incentives to improve value creation activities. Government ownership and foreign ownership are also found to have a positive association with IC performance indicating that state-owned banks and foreign-owned banks in Indonesia tend to focus their attention more towards activities that can increase value creation than privately owned and domestic owned banks. This research provides insight into the role of the business owner to the capital market regulator in scrutinizing the efficiency of value creation activities.

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