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Pharmacological Applications of Saffron (Crocus sativus): A Review

Pharmacological Applications of Saffron (Crocus sativus): A Review
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Author(s): Priyanka Singh (Centre of Food Technology, University of Allahabad, India)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 8
Source title: Ethnopharmacological Investigation of Indian Spices
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Neha Mishra (Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2524-1.ch006

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Abstract

Saffron spice also known as Crocus sativus (Saffron crocus) belongs to the family of iridaceae. Many studies have proved its potential role in disease eradication. It has been reported to possess the attributes of a sedative, an anti-asthma, an emmenagogue, an expectorant, and an adaptogenic agent. Crocin, crocetin, and safranal are the most important biochemically active ingredients that were found in different parts of the plants in varying proportions like the peels, fruits, seeds, and rind of Crocus sativus. The in vitro and in vivo studies showed that saffron has got its therapeutic implication in health management via anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, hepatoprotective, and anti-tumour activity. This review attempts to reveal the potential pharmacological properties of Crocus sativus. It also draws attention towards the use of herbs and spices in various ailments without facing the harmful side effects of chemically derived medicine.

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