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Phytochemistry and Antigenotoxic Properties of Six Ethnobotanically Important Members From the Family Zingiberaceae

Phytochemistry and Antigenotoxic Properties of Six Ethnobotanically Important Members From the Family Zingiberaceae
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Author(s): Anish Nag (Christ University (Deemed), Bangalore, India)
Copyright: 2022
Pages: 23
Source title: Research Anthology on Recent Advancements in Ethnopharmacology and Nutraceuticals
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-3546-5.ch020

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Abstract

Genotoxicity is considered as a potential cause of various diseases including cancer. During the last decade, herbal extracts attained a great deal of attention due to its safe and effective applications against various DNA damaging agents. However, the mechanism of DNA strand breaks by various mutagens and genotoxins is often correlated with the generation of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Herbal extracts constitute a number of phytochemicals and those are reported to have considerable antioxidant properties, which are in turn capable of neutralizing ROS mediated DNA damage. The botanical family Zingiberaceae is reported to have significant antioxidant and antigenotoxic potential by various researchers. Among a number of species belonging to this family, six species, namely Alpinia galanga, A. zerumbet, Curcuma amada, C. caesia, Zingiber officinale, and Z. zerumbet, attract notable attention due to their remarkable ethnobotanical and medicinal importance. This chapter deals with phytochemical composition, antioxidant, and antigenotoxic properties of these six Zingiberaceous plant extracts.

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