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Principals' Understandings of Education Based on Research: A Swedish Perspective

Principals' Understandings of Education Based on Research: A Swedish Perspective
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Author(s): Maj-Lis Hörnqvist (Umeå University, Sweden)
Copyright: 2015
Pages: 22
Source title: Multidimensional Perspectives on Principal Leadership Effectiveness
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Kadir Beycioglu (Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey) and Petros Pashiardis (Open University of Cyprus, Cyprus)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6591-0.ch008

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Abstract

Principals' responsibilities for quality in schools and preschools have, during recent years, been accentuated in Sweden. The Swedish Education Act of 2010 can be interpreted as an attempt to improve the orientation and effectiveness of teaching in schools, as it states that education should be based mainly on research and proven experience. The purpose of this chapter is to illuminate how principals understand and relate to the Education Act of 2010. The empirical foundation of the chapter consists of examining policy documents and two surveys sent to principals and heads of preschools. The findings reveal that the principals show different understandings of the term research basis. Three significant areas of manifestations emerged from the data: keeping up to date with new knowledge, building a scientific culture, and practicing research-based knowledge. However, a challenge for principals is to foster a critical evaluative approach to research.

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