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Prosthetic and Orthotic Devices

Prosthetic and Orthotic Devices
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Author(s): Carlo A. Frigo (Politecnico di Milano, Italy) and Esteban E. Pavan (Politecnico di Milano, Italy)
Copyright: 2012
Pages: 65
Source title: Handbook of Research on Biomedical Engineering Education and Advanced Bioengineering Learning: Interdisciplinary Concepts
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Ziad O. Abu-Faraj (American University of Science and Technology, Lebanon)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0122-2.ch018

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Abstract

Prostheses and orthoses are devices intended to improve motor function in amputated patients or patients with different kinds of motor disorders, respectively. Thanks to a multidisciplinary approach that has evolved along the years, prosthetics and orthotics are really two disciplines in which biomechanical and clinical aspects are integrated and take advantage of new materials and technologies. Artificial limb components, limb supporting braces, and many other devices are already available, and can provide effective solutions for locomotion, upper limb function, and posture. Within a clinical/theoretical framework, this chapter addresses the main principles of application and the technical issues related to the use of prostheses and orthoses. These include among others, problems of manufacturing, adaptation to the patient, functional assessment, and the role of advanced technologies. The aforementioned concepts are all to be considered if the objective is to obtain good functional results and to improve the quality of life of disabled people.

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