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Role of Traditional Ethnobotanical Knowledge: Culture and Indigenous Institutions in Medicinal Plant Conservation

Role of Traditional Ethnobotanical Knowledge: Culture and Indigenous Institutions in Medicinal Plant Conservation
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Author(s): Uday Kumar Sen (Department of Botany and Forestry, Vidyasagar University, West Bengal, India) and Ram Kumar Bhakat (Ecology and Taxonomy Laboratory, Department of Botany and Forestry, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, India)
Copyright: 2022
Pages: 31
Source title: Research Anthology on Recent Advancements in Ethnopharmacology and Nutraceuticals
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-3546-5.ch016

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Abstract

In recent decades, species extinction has increased sharply. Most species in the world are discovered in tropical forests – covering more than 10% of the planet. Sustainable management and conservation efforts must include local communities and their traditional knowledge. The traditional use of forest resources, especially non-timber products such as medicinal plants, not only has deep roots in indigenous populations, but is also practiced in a broad segment of culture. Using medicinal herbs is often a costly alternative to modern medicine that is economically inevitable. This traditional use's basic knowledge is carried from one generation to the next. Medical use in particular reflects an extremely vibrant, ever-evolving process in which fresh knowledge is constantly acquired and connected to traditional methods. An instance from West Bengal's West Midnapore district in India is used to illustrate the impacts of an integrated strategy to preserving biodiversity and culture.

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