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The Innovation Infrastructure of Kazakhstan: Why did the Innovation “Boom” not Happen?

The Innovation Infrastructure of Kazakhstan: Why did the Innovation “Boom” not Happen?
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Author(s): Yelena V. Smirnova (Suleyman Demirel University, Kazakhstan)
Copyright: 2014
Pages: 18
Source title: Quality Innovation: Knowledge, Theory, and Practices
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Latif Al-Hakim (University of Southern Queensland, Australia) and Chen Jin (Zhejiang University, China)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4769-5.ch015

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Abstract

Innovation infrastructure is one of the key elements of a national innovation system, but the very creation of the innovation infrastructure does not guarantee a “boom” in innovations. Although the innovation infrastructure has been legislatively and physically shaped in Kazakhstan, most recent figures show that the innovation performance in the economy falls short of the expectations. Based on a legislative framework, this chapter introduces the concept of innovation infrastructure in Kazakhstan and elaborates on its elements and the way they interact with each other. In addition, supported by the previous studies, it attempts to measure the effectiveness of existing innovation infrastructure. The results of the study reveal that the innovation infrastructure of Kazakhstan is not effective. The ineffectiveness is primarily caused by an inadequate innovation policy which results in scanty linkages between the elements of infrastructure, in particular, between education institutions and industry. Kazakhstan’s experience might prove useful to other countries which are in the process of building innovation infrastructures.

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