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Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacological Properties of Zingiber officinale Essential Oil and Extracts

Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacological Properties of Zingiber officinale Essential Oil and Extracts
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Author(s): Kaliyaperumal Ashokkumar (Cardamom Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, India), Muthusamy Murugan (Cardamom Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, India), M. K. Dhanya (Cardamom Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, India), Thiravidamani Sathyan (Cardamom Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, India), Surya Raj (Cardamom Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, India) and Nimisha Mathews (Cardamom Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, India)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 23
Source title: Ethnopharmacological Investigation of Indian Spices
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Neha Mishra (Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2524-1.ch005

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Abstract

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) has been traditionally employed in south East Asia as well as India and China for treatment of nausea, asthma, fever, vomiting, cough, constipation, pain, arthritis, inflammation, etc. This chapter discusses the phytochemical composition and pharmacological studies of ginger extracts, ginger essential oil (GEO), and active bioactive constituents. The essential oil of fresh and dry ginger was ranged between 0.2% - 2.62% and 0.72% - 4.17% respectively. The bioactive constituent zingiberene, β-sesquiphellandrene, curcumene, β-bisabolene, β-farnesene, camphene, and gingerol and shogal are the major constituents in ginger extracts. These compounds are chief bioactive substances responsible for pharmacological activities such antioxidant, antidiabetic, anticancer, anticoagulant, antiradiation, anti-inflammatory, gastrointestinal, antimicrobial, cardiovascular, anti-obesity, and weight loss effects. Future research needs to investigate the suitable duration, maximum dosage of ginger, concerns of overdosage, and its side effects in animal models and humans.

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