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Comparisons of Speech Parameterisation Techniques for Classification of Intellectual Disability Using Machine Learning

Comparisons of Speech Parameterisation Techniques for Classification of Intellectual Disability Using Machine Learning
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Author(s): Gaurav Aggarwal (Manipal University, Jaipur, India) and Latika Singh (Ansal University, Gurgaon, India)
Copyright: 2020
Volume: 14
Issue: 2
Pages: 19
Source title: International Journal of Cognitive Informatics and Natural Intelligence (IJCINI)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Kangshun Li (South China Agricultural University, China)
DOI: 10.4018/IJCINI.2020040102

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Abstract

Classification of intellectually disabled children through manual assessment of speech at an early age is inconsistent, subjective, time-consuming and prone to error. This study attempts to classify the children with intellectual disabilities using two speech feature extraction techniques: Linear Predictive Coding (LPC) based cepstral parameters, and Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC). Four different classification models: k-nearest neighbour (k-NN), support vector machine (SVM), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) are employed for classification purposes. 48 speech samples of each group are taken for analysis, from subjects with a similar age and socio-economic background. The effect of the different frame length with the number of filterbanks in the MFCC and different frame length with the order in the LPC is also examined for better accuracy. The experimental outcomes show that the projected technique can be used to help speech pathologists in estimating intellectual disability at early ages.

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