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Evaluating the Effects of Size and Precision of Training Data on ANN Training Performance for the Prediction of Chaotic Time Series Patterns

Evaluating the Effects of Size and Precision of Training Data on ANN Training Performance for the Prediction of Chaotic Time Series Patterns
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Author(s): Lei Zhang (University of Regina, Regina, Canada)
Copyright: 2019
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Pages: 15
Source title: International Journal of Software Science and Computational Intelligence (IJSSCI)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Brij Gupta (National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India) and Andrew W.H. Ip (University of Saskatchewan, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/IJSSCI.2019010102

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Abstract

In this research, artificial neural networks (ANN) with various architectures are trained to generate the chaotic time series patterns of the Lorenz attractor. The ANN training performance is evaluated based on the size and precision of the training data. The nonlinear Auto-Regressive (NAR) model is trained in open loop mode first. The trained model is then used with closed loop feedback to predict the chaotic time series outputs. The research goal is to use the designed NAR ANN model for the simulation and analysis of Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals in order to study brain activities. A simple ANN topology with a single hidden layer of 3 to 16 neurons and 1 to 4 input delays is used. The training performance is measured by averaged mean square error. It is found that the training performance cannot be improved by solely increasing the training data size. However, the training performance can be improved by increasing the precision of the training data. This provides useful knowledge towards reducing the number of EEG data samples and corresponding acquisition time for prediction.

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