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2D and 3D Visual Attention for Computer Vision: Concepts, Measurement, and Modeling

2D and 3D Visual Attention for Computer Vision: Concepts, Measurement, and Modeling
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Author(s): Vincent Ricordel (University of Nantes, France), Junle Wang (University of Nantes, France), Matthieu Perreira Da Silva (IRCCyN – University of Nantes, France) and Patrick Le Callet (University of Nantes, France)
Copyright: 2017
Pages: 44
Source title: 3D Printing: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1677-4.ch005

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Abstract

Visual attention is one of the most important mechanisms deployed in the human visual system (HVS) to reduce the amount of information that our brain needs to process. An increasing amount of efforts has been dedicated to the study of visual attention, and this chapter proposes to clarify the advances achieved in computational modeling of visual attention. First the concepts of visual attention, including the links between visual salience and visual importance, are detailed. The main characteristics of the HVS involved in the process of visual perception are also explained. Next we focus on eye-tracking, because of its role in the evaluation of the performance of the models. A complete state of the art in computational modeling of visual attention is then presented. The research works that extend some visual attention models to 3D by taking into account of the impact of depth perception are finally explained and compared.

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