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Ambient Intelligence in Perspective

Ambient Intelligence in Perspective
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Author(s): Caroline Byrne (Institute of Technology Carlow, Ireland), Michael O’Grady (University College Dublin, Ireland) and Gregory O’Hare (University College Dublin, Ireland)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 5
Source title: Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A. (Information Resources Management Association, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch024

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Abstract

Ambient intelligence (AmI) is a relatively new and distinct interpretation of the mobile computing paradigm. However, its recognition that embedded intelligence, either in actuality or perception, is an essential prerequisite if mobile computing is to realize its potential distinguishes it from other mobile usage paradigms. Though stressing the need for intelligence, and implicitly the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques, AmI does not formally ratify any particular approach and is thus technique agnostic. In this article, we examine the constituent technologies of AmI and provide a brief overview of some exemplary AmI projects. In particular, the question of intelligence is considered and some strategies for incorporating intelligence into AmI applications and services are proposed. It is the authors hope that a mature understanding of the issues involved will aid software professionals in the design and implementation of AmI applications.

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