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Bulgarian Journalists Under Pressure: Threats, Violence, and Freedom of Speech

Bulgarian Journalists Under Pressure: Threats, Violence, and Freedom of Speech
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Author(s): Ivaylo Yoshkov (Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria)
Copyright: 2023
Pages: 20
Source title: Research Anthology on Modern Violence and Its Impact on Society
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-7464-8.ch044

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Abstract

Bulgarian journalists are under pressure. Although the country has been a member of the EU for 13 years and the legislation on freedom of speech corresponds to Western practices, the country ranks 111th in the annual Freedom of Speech Index. While the cases of work-related physical violence against journalists are rare, the cases of direct political pressure are increasing. The unification of ownership into large media cartels and the lack of transparency in the movement of financial flows from the state to certain media are among the main factors affecting the freedom of speech. The analysis of publications covering six cases of physical and verbal aggression on the websites of the five most visited online media in Bulgaria outlines the scheme for inducing self-censorship and the transition from active to passive news coverage within a short period of time. The survey, conducted with students in journalism and professional journalists, aims to show their experience with aggression, as well as to identify the forms of pressure they face on a daily basis.

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