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CDN Modeling and Performance

CDN Modeling and Performance
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Author(s): Benjamin Molina (Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain), Carlos E. Palau (Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain) and Manuel Esteve (Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain)
Copyright: 2012
Pages: 28
Source title: Next Generation Content Delivery Infrastructures: Emerging Paradigms and Technologies
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Giancarlo Fortino (Università della Calabria, Italy) and Carlos E. Palau (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1794-0.ch001

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Abstract

Content Distribution Networks (CDN) appeared a decade ago as a method for reducing latencies, improving performance experienced by Internet users, and limiting the effect of flash-crowds, so as balance load in servers. Content Distribution has evolved in different ways (e.g. cloud computing structures and video streaming distribution infrastructures). The solution proposed in early CDN was the location of several controlled caching servers close to clients, organized and managed by a central control system. Many companies deployed their own CDN infrastructure– and so demonstrating the resulting effectiveness. However, the business model of these networks has evolved from the distribution of static web objects to video streaming. Many aspects of deployment and implementation remain proprietary, evidencing the lack of a general CDN model, although the main design concepts are widely known. In this work, the authors represent the structure of a CDN and the performance of some of its parameters, using queuing theory, simplifying the redirection schema and studying the elements that could determine the improvement in performance. The main contribution of the work is a general expression for a CDN environment and the relationship between different variables like caching hit ratios, network latency, number of surrogates, and server capacity; this proves that the use of CDN outperform the typical client/server architecture.

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