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Communities of Practice in Transition Economies: Innovation in Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises

Communities of Practice in Transition Economies: Innovation in Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises
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Author(s): Narasimha Rao Vajjhala (University of New York Tirana, Albania)
Copyright: 2016
Pages: 14
Source title: Organizational Knowledge Facilitation through Communities of Practice in Emerging Markets
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Sheryl Buckley (University of South Africa, South Africa), Grzegorz Majewski (University of the West of Scotland, UK) and Apostolos Giannakopoulos (University of South Africa, South Africa)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0013-1.ch002

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Abstract

Communities of Practice (CoPs) are informal groups of individuals sharing knowledge and experience within or outside an organization. CoPs can help organizations, especially Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) with limited financial and human resources improve efficiency and productivity by leveraging knowledge resources in the organization. Transition economies have different social and economic conditions as compared to developing and developed countries. The success of CoPs in SMEs located in transition economies depends to a certain extent on the social and cultural factors in transition economies. This chapter explores the factors contributing to the success of CoPs as well as challenges that CoPs face in transition economies. This chapter explores the role of national and organizational culture on the functioning of CoPs in SMEs in transition economies. The objective of this chapter is to develop a framework that could be applied to CoPs in transition economies. This chapter also identifies the factors that might limit the work of CoPs in the context of innovation in SMEs in transition economies.

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