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Cost Effective Smart Farming With FARS-Based Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

Cost Effective Smart Farming With FARS-Based Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks
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Author(s): E. Srie Vidhya Janani (Anna University Chennai – Regional Office Madurai, India) and A. Rehash Rushmi Pavitra (Anna University Chennai – Regional Office Madurai, India)
Copyright: 2019
Pages: 21
Source title: Handbook of Research on Implementation and Deployment of IoT Projects in Smart Cities
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Krishnan Saravanan (Anna University Chennai – Regional Office Tirunelveli, India), Golden Julie (Anna University, India) and Harold Robinson (SCAD College of Engineering and Technology, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9199-3.ch018

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Abstract

Smart farming is a key to develop sustainable agriculture, involving a wide range of information and communication technologies comprising machinery, equipment, and sensors at different levels. Seawater, which is available in huge volumes across the planet, should find its optimal way through irrigation purposes. On the other hand, underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) finds its way actively in current researches where sensors are deployed for examining discrete activities such as tactical surveillance, ocean monitoring, offshore analysis, and instrument observing. All these activities are based on a radically new type of sensors deployed in ocean for data collection and communication. A lightweight Hydro probe II sensor quantifies the soil moisture and water flow level at an acknowledged wavelength. The freshwater absorption repository system (FARS) is matured based on the mechanics of UWSNs comprised of SBE 39 and pressure sensor for analyzing atmospheric pressure and temperature. This necessitates further exploration of FARS to complement smart farming. Discrete routing protocols have been designed for data collection in both compatible and divergent networks. Clustering is an effective approach to increase energy efficient data transmission, which is crucial for underwater networks. Furthermore, the chapter attempts to facilitate seawater irrigation to the farm lands through reverse osmosis (RO) process. Also, the proposed irrigation pattern exploits residual water from the RO process which is identified to be one among the suitable growing conditions for salicornia seeds and mangrove trees. Ultimately, the cost-effective technology-enabled irrigation methodology suggested offers farm-related services through mobile phones that increase flexibility across the overall smart farming framework.

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