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Critical Theory in Research

Critical Theory in Research
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Copyright: 2021
Pages: 22
Source title: Approaches and Processes of Social Science Research
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Icarbord Tshabangu (Leeds Trinity University, UK), Stefano Ba' (Leeds Trinity University, UK) and Silas Memory Madondo (CeDRE International Africa, Zimbabwe)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-6622-0.ch004

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Abstract

Based on critical theory, this chapter focuses on the first generation of Frankfurt School (mainly to authors such as T.W. Adorno, M. Horkheimer, and W. Benjamin). For discussing methodology in research, these authors are considered more representative than the younger generation (e.g., Habermas and Honneth) mainly because of the renewed interest in the direct critique of society and because of the failure of the younger generation to produce empirical research. The proponents of critical theory establish connections between theory and practice, in the sense that the social content of research must have human dignity at its centre. The difference between method-led and content-led research is discussed and considered central for this kind of approach to empirical research. Feminist research methodologies and critical race methodology are considered as closely associated with critical theory. These different approaches have developed autonomously from critical theory and are not directly related to it. However, feminist research methodologies and critical race methodology are expounded here because of their similarities to the critical theory of the Frankfurt School aimed at providing an emancipatory approach to empirical research.

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