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Information Resources Management Association
Advancing the Concepts & Practices of Information Resources Management in Modern Organizations

Data Dissemination in Mobile Databases

Data Dissemination in Mobile Databases
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Author(s): Agustinus Borgy Waluyo (Monash University, Australia), Bala Srinivasan (Monash University, Australia) and David Taniar (Monash University, Australia)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 7
Source title: Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A. (Information Resources Management Association, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch146


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The development of wireless technology has led to mobile computing, a new era in data communication and processing (Barbara, 1999; Myers & Beigl, 2003). With this technology, people can now access information anytime and anywhere using a portable, wireless computer powered by battery (e.g., PDAs). These portable computers communicate with a central stationary server via a wireless channel. Mobile computing provides database applications with useful aspects of wireless technology known as mobile databases. The main properties of mobile computing include mobility, severe power and storage restriction, frequency of disconnection that is much greater than a traditional network, bandwidth capacity, and asymmetric communications costs. Radio wireless transmission usually requires a greater amount of power as compared with the reception operation (Xu, Zheng, Zhu, & Lee, 2002). Moreover, the life expectancy of a battery (e.g., nickel-cadmium, lithium ion) was estimated to increase time of effective use by only another 15% (Paulson, 2003). Thus, efficient use of energy is definitely one of the main issues. Data dissemination (can also be called data broadcasting) is one way to overcome these limitations. With this mechanism, a mobile client is able to retrieve information without wasting power to transmit a request to the server. Other characteristics of data dissemination include: scalability as it supports a large number of queries; query performance which is not affected by the number of users in a cell as well as the request rate; and effective to a high-degree of overlap in the user’s request. In this article, the terms data dissemination and data broadcasting are used interchangeably. The ultimate challenge in data dissemination is to minimize the response time and tuning time of retrieving database items. Response time is the total of elapsed time required for the data of interest to arrive in the channel and the download time, while tuning time is the amount of time that a client is required to listen to the channel, which is used to indicate its energy consumption. In some cases, the response time is equal to the tuning time. This article describes a state-of-the art development in data dissemination strategies in mobile databases. Several strategies for improving the query performance by disseminating data to a population of mobile users will be explained.

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