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Defining Corporate Social Responsibility for Developing and Developed Countries: Comparing Proposed Approaches

Defining Corporate Social Responsibility for Developing and Developed Countries: Comparing Proposed Approaches
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Author(s): Duane Windsor (Rice University, USA)
Copyright: 2017
Pages: 27
Source title: Comparative Perspectives on Global Corporate Social Responsibility
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Dima Jamali (American University of Beirut, Lebanon)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0720-8.ch001

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Abstract

This chapter proposes a conceptual framework for comparing enterprise and governmental approaches to corporate social responsibility (CSR) for developed and developing countries. An enterprise approach is voluntary. A governmental approach provides either requirements or guidance, strong or weak, for enterprise CSR. Focus is on multinational enterprises (MNEs), for two reasons. First, MNEs may operate across quite different conditions. Second, a major MNE concern has to do with fair trade and sustainable development supply chains. The chapter considers three approaches found in the extant literature. One approach asserts autonomy of developing countries from developed countries, and thus divergence of enterprise and governmental CSR by type of context. A second approach examines global convergence as highly context path-dependent and perhaps cosmetic. A third approach emphasizes “glocality” combining global thinking with local action. The author proposes an alternative understanding of how to compare CSR for developed and developing countries using theory versus context.

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