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Design Science Research to Produce Instrumental Knowledge for Evidence-Based Practice in OCD

Design Science Research to Produce Instrumental Knowledge for Evidence-Based Practice in OCD
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Author(s): Joan Ernst van Aken (Design Science Research institute, The Netherlands)
Copyright: 2019
Pages: 18
Source title: Evidence-Based Initiatives for Organizational Change and Development
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Robert G. Hamlin (University of Wolverhampton, UK), Andrea D. Ellinger (The University of Texas at Tyler, USA) and Jenni Jones (University of Wolverhampton, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6155-2.ch005

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Abstract

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a promising approach to improve professional action. EBP is the use of the best available knowledge in professional problem-solving, in particular the best available knowledge produced by research. EBP has much promise for organizational change and development (OCD). However, for successful EBP, one needs a well-developed knowledge base of instrumental knowledge (i.e., knowledge-to-act). Unfortunately, academic OCD research is strong in developing conceptual knowledge (i.e., knowledge-to-understand) but rather weak in instrumental knowledge. In this chapter, design science research (DSR) is discussed: a research strategy to develop instrumental knowledge in the form of designs for effective interventions, processes, or systems to improve present practices. These designs are developed through experiential learning by executing a number of problem-solving projects in the messy “swamp of practice,” often executed in partnerships with professionals. Embedded-in-action theories can be powerful inputs for EBP, thus improving the practice of OCD.

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