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Development of Bluetooth, Xbee, and Wi-Fi-Based Wireless Control Systems for Controlling Electric-Powered Robotic Vehicle Wheelchair Prototype

Development of Bluetooth, Xbee, and Wi-Fi-Based Wireless Control Systems for Controlling Electric-Powered Robotic Vehicle Wheelchair Prototype
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Author(s): Biswajeet Champaty (National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India), Suraj Kumar Nayak (National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India), Goutam Thakur (Manipal Institute of Technology, India), Biswajit Mohapatra (Vesaj Patel Hospital, India), D. N. Tibarewala (School of BioScience and Engineering, Jadavpur University, India) and Kunal Pal (National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India)
Copyright: 2016
Pages: 32
Source title: Classification and Clustering in Biomedical Signal Processing
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Nilanjan Dey (Techno India College of Technology, India) and Amira Ashour (Tanta University, Egypt)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0140-4.ch015

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Abstract

In this study, multiple control systems were developed using commonly used wireless communication protocols like Bluetooth, Xbee, and Wi-Fi. Mechanical switch based control systems were initially designed using Xbee and Bluetooth protocols. Further, Android application based control systems were developed using Bluetooth and Wi-Fi protocols. A robotic vehicle was used as an electric-powered wheelchair prototype. Ultrasonic sensors and infrared sensors were integrated with the robotic vehicle for obstacle and pothole detection, respectively. The control systems were tested in an L-shaped corridor for identifying the suitable wireless communication protocol to efficiently guide the robotic vehicle through a scheduled navigational pathway. Both Xbee and Wi-Fi technology based control systems were able to guide the robotic vehicle through the corridor. But the implementation of Xbee communication protocol is economic. However, for shorter distances, Bluetooth technology may be used for cost-effective implementation.

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