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Environmental Analysis of Construction Materials: Material Specifications for Green Built Environment

Environmental Analysis of Construction Materials: Material Specifications for Green Built Environment
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Author(s): Aysem Berrin Cakmakli (Middle East Technical University, Turkey)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 21
Source title: Green Building Management and Smart Automation
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Arun Solanki (Gautam Buddha University, India) and Anand Nayyar (Duy Tan University, Vietnam)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9754-4.ch004

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Abstract

There is a growing universal awareness of protecting the living and non-living environment and making enlightened decisions to achieve a sustainable development without destruction of the natural resources. In this point of view, selecting building materials according to their energy and health performances gains importance in sustainable design. 3Rs (reducing, reusing, recycling), and supplying a healthy, non-hazardous indoor air for building occupants are two important parameters of environmental life-cycle assessment for materials. Information on exposure to gases and vapors from synthetic materials made from petrochemicals, to heavy metals and pesticides, and to some combustion pollutants that cause acid rain should be determined by analyzing environmental product declarations or material specifications. After studying on building materials individually, they are analyzed in the form of tables for four different stages; manufacturing, application, usage, demolition phase. Consequently, this chapter can guide the designer and engineer to think on the elements of design and construction activity.

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