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ICT Policy Development Process in Africa

ICT Policy Development Process in Africa
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Author(s): Hopestone Kayiska Chavula (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Ethiopia) and Abebe Chekol (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Ethiopia)
Copyright: 2011
Pages: 28
Source title: Handbook of Research on Information Communication Technology Policy: Trends, Issues and Advancements
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Esharenana E. Adomi (Delta State University, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-847-0.ch016

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Abstract

This chapter reviews the information and communication technology (ICT) policy development process in Africa and assesses to what extent African countries have taken on board ICT issues in their overall national development policies and plans. It is argued that African countries lag behind in technological issues hence negatively affecting the overall development of the continent due to their inability to recognize the critical role played by ICTs in overall national development issues. The chapter emphasizes the significance of mainstreaming ICT policies and strategies in the overall development process, so that African countries remain competitive on the global market. This is done by taking into consideration the development and implementation of the National Information and Communication Infrastructure (NICI) policy and plans in different African countries initiated by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) after recognizing the little emphasis placed on the significance of ICTs in national development policies by African countries. The chapter assesses also to what extent these NICI policies and plans have impacted on ICT and economic development, and tries to propose the way forward for the continent.

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