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Modelling and Trading the Soybean-Oil Crush Spread with Recurrent and Higher Order Networks: A Comparative Analysis

Modelling and Trading the Soybean-Oil Crush Spread with Recurrent and Higher Order Networks: A Comparative Analysis
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Author(s): Christian L. Dunis (CIBEF and Liverpool John Moores University, UK), Jason Laws (CIBEF and Liverpool John Moores University, UK) and Ben Evans (CIBEF and Dresdner-Kleinwort-Wasserstein in Frankfurt, Germany)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 19
Source title: Artificial Higher Order Neural Networks for Economics and Business
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Ming Zhang (Christopher Newport University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-897-0.ch016

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Abstract

This chapter investigates the soybean-oil “crush” spread, that is the profit margin gained by processing soybeans into soyoil. Soybeans form a large proportion (over 1/5th) of the agricultural output of US farmers and the profit margins gained will therefore have a wide impact on the US economy in general. The chapter uses a number of techniques to forecast and trade the soybean crush spread. A traditional regression analysis is used as a benchmark against more sophisticated models such as a MultiLayer Perceptron (MLP), Recurrent Neural Networks and Higher Order Neural Networks. These are then used to trade the spread, the implementation of a number of filtering techniques as used in the literature are utilised to further refine the trading statistics of the models. The results show that the best model before transactions costs both in- and out-of-sample is the Recurrent Network generating a superior risk adjusted return to all other models investigated. However in the case of most of the models investigated the cost of trading the spread all but eliminates any profit potential.

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