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Neuromorphic Adiabatic Quantum Computation

Neuromorphic Adiabatic Quantum Computation
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Author(s): Shigeo Sato (Tohoku University, Japan) and Mitsunaga Kinjo (University of the Ryukus, Japan)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 24
Source title: Complex-Valued Neural Networks: Utilizing High-Dimensional Parameters
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Tohru Nitta (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-214-5.ch014

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Abstract

The advantage of quantum mechanical dynamics in information processing has attracted much interest, and dedicated studies on quantum computation algorithms indicate that a quantum computer has remarkable computational power in certain tasks. Quantum properties such as quantum superposition and quantum tunneling are worth studying because they may overcome the weakness of gradient descent method in classical neural networks. Also, the technique established for neural networks can be useful for developing a quantum algorithm. In this chapter, first the authors show the effectiveness of incorporating quantum dynamics and then propose neuromorphic adiabatic quantum computation algorithm based on the adiabatic change of Hamiltonian. The proposed method can be viewed as one of complex-valued neural networks because a qubit operates like a neuron. Next, the performance of the proposed algorithm is studied by applying it to a combinatorial optimization problem. Finally, they discuss the learning ability and hardware implementation.

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